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William Lane Craig ☆ 8 summary

summary Atonement and the Death of Christ: An Exegetical, Historical, and Philosophical Exploration 108 William Lane Craig ☆ 8 summary Through his death on the cross Christ atoned for sin and so reconciled people to God New Testament authors drew upon a range of metaphors and motifs to describe this salvific act and down through history Christian thinkers have tried to articulate various theories to explain the atonement While Christ’s sacrifice serves as a central tenet of the Christian faith the mechanism of atonement—exactly how Christ effects our salvation—remains controversial and ambiguous to many ChristiansIn Atonement and the Death of Christ William Lane Craig conducts an interdisciplinary investigation of this crucial. Atonement and the Death of Christ is the result of years of study for William Lane Craig on the subject of the atonement Cambridge University published in 2018 a shorter treatment 106 pages by William Lane Craig on this subject called The Atonement Atonement and the Death of Christ is the detailed treatment The book is divided in three sections 1 Biblical data concerning the atonement 2 Dogmatic history of the doctrine of the atonement and 3 Philosophical reflections on the doctrine of the atonementCraig has written a very important book on the subject of the atonement The level of research that he did to write this book is truly impressive The amount of footnotes and interaction with other writers shows that he took serious time to deal with the data and with objections to his view First off I have to say that this is the first book that I read that is dedicated to the subject of the atonement I m a theology student I had some notions on the subject prior to this book but nothing advanced So what I write is not an in depth review I can t allege to be able to spot flaws in Craig s view and provide a detailed appreciation I leave that to seasoned scholars because yes for those who wonder this is a scholarly workLeaning on my protestant roots I tend to agree with Craig that penal substitution is the centre of the theory of the atonement Any book on the atonement trying to put aside penal substitution will have a hard time surviving criticism I think Craig has done a great job of defending it Craig have sometimes been criticised by Christians for putting philosophy ahead of theology in his argumentations Whether this critiue is accurate or not Christians can give him credit for beginning his survey with biblical data and for stressing that it s the most important aspect of the study He is uick to emphasize that a theory of the atonement cannot be a Christian theory if it is not backed up with biblical dataThis first part of the book the biblical data is useful to establish the meaning of the atonement as both expiation and propitiation This section is the most accessible of the book In my opinion his examination of the OT as the background for the atonement especially in relation to the various sacrifices was thorough and helpful However I wish he would have gone in detail with the NT data He spends time in the OT than in the NT although the NT has a greater depth on the subject I understand that his intention was not to do an exhaustive study of the biblical data and a deep exegesis of the passages but I feel there was a missed opportunity to delve deeper into the NT and expound on the correlations between OT and NTIn the second part I think he did a good job of looking at the various atonement theories that have been proposed down the ages He spent most of the chapters presenting the views of the adherents and their opponents rather than giving his opinion He very skillfully interacted with the proponents of the theories You can clearly see that he read those ancient authors and immersed himself in their ideas By doing this he seems to have fairly represented them He is able to recognize when there are misrepresentations of the views which is usually a sign of a good appropriation of a view He is also able to appreciate the theories even if he doesn t ascribe fully to them I agree with him that the various atonement theories can be used to construct what he calls a multifaceted theory of the atonement They all have useful notions that help to describe the atonement in different aspects He was able for example to offer good practical applications of the moral influence theory even though it is the least attractive theory as a whole On the other hand I found the text to be at times dense and hard to follow especially when he discussed opposing views to the theories It was sometimes difficult to understand the main ideas of the atonement theories I had this impression especially in the description of the governmental theory Apart from that I think he submitted a good presentation and analysis of the atonement theoriesThe third part of the book the defense of the coherence of penal substitution from a philosophical standpoint was the most challenging part to read It is the most detailed and difficult section of the book The analogies that Craig makes between penal substitution and notions from philosophy of law are truly what sets him apart from other writers on the subject There probably exists no book with that depth that is able to deal as much with philosophical law notions and apply them to the atonement The amount of sources that he interacts with is indeed impressive His uotations and footnotes are again very detailed If you d like to know about notions of law like crime guilt punishment pardon retributive and conseuentialist theories of justice legal fictions vicarious liability then this part will interest you He also deals extensively with opposing views and debates on these subjects The perseverant layman should be able to go through the chapters But for many readers the details might be overwhelmingCraig says in that third part that he doesn t give analogies from philosophy of law to try to construct a doctrine of the atonement based on human justice systems one is not engaged in such a silly project Theological construction of a doctrine of the atonement will be based on the teaching of Scripture Rather one is merely offering a defeater of the objection raised to penal substitution that it is unsatisfactory p201 because it goes against our penal system of justice He also upholds its usefulness with for example the subject of punishment Still legal theorists and philosophers of law have for several centuries poured an enormous amount of thought into the theory of punishment and so given the widespread presence of forensic and judicial motifs in the biblical texts pertinent to the atonement we may expect to learn a great deal from them p150 So some technical details in this section will be of interest for the critiue of penal substitution but could also be useful for Christians to enrich their understanding of the atonement As a Christian I cannot say that these analogies with our penal system were really eye opening and enlightening in my understanding of the atonement I did find some sections informative and insightful while I sometimes had a hard time following Craig s discourse It could certainly be a lack of understanding on my part I can understand that some individuals appreciate the analogies and that it gives them a richer view of atonement I think this section is useful for those who critiue the penal substitution theory of the atonement I think Craig made a very persuasive case to defend the coherence and rationality of the theory from its criticsOverall Atonement the Death of Christ is an interesting book on the subject of the atonement The three areas of study biblical historical and philosophical give a wider and fuller treatment of the subject of the atonement The philosophical section is really ground breaking His combination of philosophy of law and biblical atonement is truly uniue and I believe it will open the door to study on these subjectsSee the full review on my blog for a summary of each chapters Larry Fink on Composition and Improvisation on the cross Christ atoned for sin and so reconciled people to God New Testament authors drew upon a range Peinture, photographie, film et autres écrits sur la photographie of metaphors and motifs to describe this salvific act and down through history Christian thinkers have tried to articulate various theories to explain the atonement While Christ’s sacrifice serves as a central tenet L'image fantôme of the Christian faith the mechanism American Photography (Oxford History of Art) of atonement—exactly how Christ effects Essais sur le beau en photographie : Défense des valeurs traditionnelles our salvation—remains controversial and ambiguous to many ChristiansIn Atonement and the Death Pourquoi est-ce un chef-d'oeuvre ? 80 photographies expliquées. of Christ William Lane Craig conducts an interdisciplinary investigation Le pouvoir de lintime dans la photographie documentaire of this crucial. Atonement and the Death La brûlure de l'image: L´imaginaire esthétique à l´âge photographique (L'ESPRIT DES SIGNES) (French Edition) of Christ is the result Au coeur de la création photographique of years Photogénie de l'exposition of study for William Lane Craig Photographie - Le petit livre des grandes inspirations (French Edition) on the subject L'image, événement intérieur of the atonement Cambridge University published in 2018 a shorter treatment 106 pages by William Lane Craig Les Carnets Du Bal 02: L'image Deja Vu (French Edition) on this subject called The Atonement Atonement and the Death Les carnets du bal n°6 . des dispositifs pour voir. of Christ is the detailed treatment The book is divided in three sections 1 Biblical data concerning the atonement 2 Dogmatic history La persistance des images : Volume 5 of the doctrine Photographe, le plus beau métier du monde of the atonement and 3 Philosophical reflections The Photography Reader on the doctrine PhotoWork: Forty Photographers on Process and Practice of the atonementCraig has written a very important book La Photo, inéluctablement on the subject Read This If You Want to Take Great Photographs of the atonement The level Civil Imagination: A Political Ontology of Photography of research that he did to write this book is truly impressive The amount Des photographes sur la photographie of footnotes and interaction with Imogen Cunningham 1883 - 1976 other writers shows that he took serious time to deal with the data and with Le droit saisi par la photographie suivi de Le personnage et son double. La rue et le droit d'auteur. L'oeil du droit : nature et droit d'auteur objections to his view First Esthétique de la photographie - 2ed off I have to say that this is the first book that I read that is dedicated to the subject JOUER CONTRE LES APPAREILS of the atonement I m a theology student I had some notions La Solitude heureuse. suivi de Notes on the subject prior to this book but nothing advanced So what I write is not an in depth review I can t allege to be able to spot flaws in Craig s view and provide a detailed appreciation I leave that to seasoned scholars because yes for those who wonder this is a scholarly workLeaning Henri Cartier-Bresson: Photographer on my protestant roots I tend to agree with Craig that penal substitution is the centre C'EST DE VOIR QU'IL S'AGIT of the theory Loin de Paris of the atonement Any book Les Autochromes de J.H. Lartigue : 1912-1927 on the atonement trying to put aside penal substitution will have a hard time surviving criticism I think Craig has done a great job Pour une philosophie de la photo of defending it Craig have sometimes been criticised by Christians for putting philosophy ahead Révolution numérique : Une nouvelle photographie of theology in his argumentations Whether this critiue is accurate Le Baiser de Judas : Photographie et vérité or not Christians can give him credit for beginning his survey with biblical data and for stressing that it s the most important aspect Tough Enough: Arbus, Arendt, Didion, McCarthy, Sontag, Weil of the study He is uick to emphasize that a theory Parachute: The Anthology, Vol. III: Photography, Film, Video, and New Media (Documents) of the atonement cannot be a Christian theory if it is not backed up with biblical dataThis first part The Photographer's Eye of the book the biblical data is useful to establish the meaning Basse lumière of the atonement as both expiation and propitiation This section is the most accessible Walter Pfeiffer, 1970-1980. opinion his examination La Disparition des lucioles. Réflexions sur l'acte photographique of the OT as the background for the atonement especially in relation to the various sacrifices was thorough and helpful However I wish he would have gone in detail with the NT data He spends time in the OT than in the NT although the NT has a greater depth Listening to Images on the subject I understand that his intention was not to do an exhaustive study Camera Lucida: Reflections on Photography of the biblical data and a deep exegesis "Voir est un tout" - Entretiens et conversations (1951-1998) of the passages but I feel there was a missed Robert Mapplethorpe: The Archive opportunity to delve deeper into the NT and expound Towards a Philosophy of Photography on the correlations between OT and NTIn the second part I think he did a good job Indestructibles: Jungle Rumble!: Chew Proof · Rip Proof · Nontoxic · 100% Washable (Book for Babies, Newborn Books, Safe to Chew) of looking at the various atonement theories that have been proposed down the ages He spent most Anne Geddes 2021 Wall Calendar of the chapters presenting the views Growing Up Travelling: The Inside World of Irish Traveller Children of the adherents and their POKEMON LIVRE D'ACTIVITÉS: NOUVEAU! Livre d'activités Pokemon pour les enfants de 4-6, 6-8, 8-12! Livre d'activités non officiel avec 100 pages de ... heures de divertissement! (French Edition) opponents rather than giving his The Art of Newborn Photography opinion He very skillfully interacted with the proponents James Mollison playground of the theories You can clearly see that he read those ancient authors and immersed himself in their ideas By doing this he seems to have fairly represented them He is able to recognize when there are misrepresentations Summer of the Fawn of the views which is usually a sign The Happy Baby Book: 50 Things Every New Mother Should Know of a good appropriation Baby Love: An Affectionate Miscellany of a view He is also able to appreciate the theories even if he doesn t ascribe fully to them I agree with him that the various atonement theories can be used to construct what he calls a multifaceted theory Hold Still: A Memoir with Photographs of the atonement They all have useful notions that help to describe the atonement in different aspects He was able for example to Anne Geddes - Protect Nurture Love 2020 Calendar offer good practical applications The Reluctant Father of the moral influence theory even though it is the least attractive theory as a whole On the Sebastião Salgado. Kuwait. A Desert on Fire (Multilingual Edition) other hand I found the text to be at times dense and hard to follow especially when he discussed Born to Dance: Celebrating the Wonder of Childhood opposing views to the theories It was sometimes difficult to understand the main ideas Anne Geddes 2019 Wall Calendar of the atonement theories I had this impression especially in the description Strong Is the New Pretty: A Celebration of Girls Being Themselves of the governmental theory Apart from that I think he submitted a good presentation and analysis La photo d'enfants of the atonement theoriesThe third part The Design Aglow Posing Guide for Family Portrait Photography: 100 Modern Ideas for Photographing Newborns, Babies, Children, and Families of the book the defense FO-Anne Geddes. Small World of the coherence Little Kids and Their Big Dogs of penal substitution from a philosophical standpoint was the most challenging part to read It is the most detailed and difficult section Sebastião Salgado: Children (Multilingual Edition) of the book The analogies that Craig makes between penal substitution and notions from philosophy Born to Dance: Celebrating the Wonder of Childhood of law are truly what sets him apart from Olivier Suter: Children other writers Where Children Sleep on the subject There probably exists no book with that depth that is able to deal as much with philosophical law notions and apply them to the atonement The amount Anne Geddes Timeless 2018 Calendar of sources that he interacts with is indeed impressive His uotations and footnotes are again very detailed If you d like to know about notions Where the children sleep of law like crime guilt punishment pardon retributive and conseuentialist theories Facial Expressions Babies to Teens: A Visual Reference for Artists of justice legal fictions vicarious liability then this part will interest you He also deals extensively with Luxure opposing views and debates At the Edge of the World on these subjects The perseverant layman should be able to go through the chapters But for many readers the details might be Indestructibles: Plip-Plop Pond!: Chew Proof · Rip Proof · Nontoxic · 100% Washable (Book for Babies, Newborn Books, Safe to Chew) overwhelmingCraig says in that third part that he doesn t give analogies from philosophy Anne Geddes Small Is Beautiful 2018 Calendar of law to try to construct a doctrine Anne Geddes Timeless 2017 Calendar of the atonement based Sebastião Salgado. Exodus on human justice systems Anne Geddes 2017 Wall Calendar: Signs of the Zodiac one is not engaged in such a silly project Theological construction The Heart of a Boy: Celebrating the Strength and Spirit of Boyhood of a doctrine Anne Geddes 2016 Wall Calendar: Under the Sea of the atonement will be based GLORY: Magical Visions of Black Beauty on the teaching Naptime with Joey of Scripture Rather Little Kids and Their Big Dogs: Volume 3 one is merely Nelli Palomaki: Breathing the Same Air offering a defeater Little Humans (Humans of New York) of the Little Kids and Their Big Dogs: Volume 2 (2) objection raised to penal substitution that it is unsatisfactory p201 because it goes against Capture the Moment: The Modern Photographer's Guide to Finding Beauty in Everyday and Family Life our penal system Midlife: Photographs by Elinor Carucci (THE MONACELLI P) of justice He also upholds its usefulness with for example the subject Portraits: The Human Clay of punishment Still legal theorists and philosophers Family in the Picture, 1958–2013 of law have for several centuries poured an enormous amount The Heart of a Boy: Celebrating the Strength and Spirit of Boyhood of thought into the theory Anne Geddes 2016 Wall Calendar: Down in the Garden of punishment and so given the widespread presence Julie Blackmon: Homegrown of forensic and judicial motifs in the biblical texts pertinent to the atonement we may expect to learn a great deal from them p150 So some technical details in this section will be Anne Geddes 2014 Wall Calendar: Heartfelt of interest for the critiue Anne Geddes 2019 Monthly/Weekly Planner Calendar of penal substitution but could also be useful for Christians to enrich their understanding Mastering Child Portrait Photography: A Definitive Guide for Photographers of the atonement As a Christian I cannot say that these analogies with 55.000 Nombres de Bebé (Mucho Más) (Spanish Edition) our penal system were really eye Anne Geddes 2015 Wall Calendar: Under the Sea. opening and enlightening in my understanding Cathy of the atonement I did find some sections informative and insightful while I sometimes had a hard time following Craig s discourse It could certainly be a lack Strong Is the New Pretty 2018 Calendar: A Celebration of Girls Being Themselves of understanding Beyond Portraiture: Creative People Photography on my part I can understand that some individuals appreciate the analogies and that it gives them a richer view Your Baby in Pictures: The New Parents' Guide to Photographing Your Baby's First Year of atonement I think this section is useful for those who critiue the penal substitution theory A Child is Born [Nov 23, 2009] Nilsson, Lennart of the atonement I think Craig made a very persuasive case to defend the coherence and rationality End Times of the theory from its criticsOverall Atonement the Death C'est un garçon !: Livre de naissance garçon - Album de bébé - Premières fois (French Edition) of Christ is an interesting book CAHIER FORMAT A4 GRANDS CARREAUX: POUR FOURNITURES SCOLAIRES ECOLE / COLLEGE / LYCEE (French Edition) on the subject Anne Geddes 2015 Monthly/Weekly Planner Calendar: Timeless Stories of the atonement The three areas Your Family in Pictures: The Parents' Guide to Photographing Holidays, Family Portraits, and Everyday Life of study biblical historical and philosophical give a wider and fuller treatment Mother of the subject Bellies and Babies: The Business of Maternity and Newborn Photography of the atonement The philosophical section is really ground breaking His combination What the Dinosaurs Did Last Night of philosophy The Art of Children's Portrait Photography of law and biblical atonement is truly uniue and I believe it will Children: The Human Clay open the door to study 500 Poses for Photographing Infants and Toddlers: A Visual Sourcebook for Digital Portrait Photographers on these subjectsSee the full review A Child is Born on my blog for a summary Anne Geddes 2017 Monthly/Weekly Pocket Planner: Timeless of each chapters

characters Atonement and the Death of Christ: An Exegetical, Historical, and Philosophical Exploration

Atonement and the Death of Christ: An Exegetical, Historical, and Philosophical Exploration

summary Atonement and the Death of Christ: An Exegetical, Historical, and Philosophical Exploration 108 William Lane Craig ☆ 8 summary Erent mechanism of penal substitutionAlong the way Craig enters into conversation with contemporary systematic theories of atonement as he seeks to establish a position that is scripturally faithful and philosophically sound The result is a multifaceted perspective that upholds the suffering of Christ as a substitutionary representational and redemptive act that satisfies divine justice In addition this carefully reasoned approach addresses the rich tapestry of Old Testament imagery upon which the first Christians drew to explain how the sinless Christ saved his people from the guilt of their sins. The normally erudite Dr Craig presents an extended error filled presentation for penal substitution Dr Craig s book Atonement and the Death of Christ serves to show the danger of de contextualization that often happens in systematic theology a transparent title of the book would have been A Threefold Defense of Penal Substitution Craig presents countless examples of unsound proof texting and ultimately ends up building a self defeating argument Even though I have a ton of respect for Dr Craig there is simply no way to get around all the errors in his book The problems show up in the foundation what he calls the anchor of his review of the biblical data On p 23 he writes The predominant motif used in the NT to characterize the atonement is the portrayal of Christ s death as a sacrificial offering to God on our behalf On the same page he provides a pithy summary of another author that includes a number of passages Here are the problemsProblem 1 Dr Craig thinks that Jesus as a sacrifice is primarily about God getting something not about God giving someone problems 2 to propitiate means to appease to placate to satisfy The object of expiation is sin the object of propitiation is God There are four problems hereProblem 1 We do not know where Craig got these definitionsProblem 2 Expiate on dictionarycom and enoxforddictionariescom describe expiation as dealing with reparation ie making something right in some wayProblem 3 There is not a single verse regarding animal sacrifices where God is the object of propitiation Craig makes very loose inferences to get thereProblem 4 Craig has picked a definition from somewhere that speaks of propitiation as being a verb ie to propitiate Summary Problem 4 combined with the wrong emphasis mentioned earlier turns into error It sets up the reader for thinking that propitiation is used as a verb where God is the object This usage is completely different than NT usage The NT never has God being propitated by the sacrifice of His Son Instead He is the one sending the propitiation eg Romans 3 see also Romans 51719Problem 3 Because of the de contextualization Craig misses that the effects of death is the topic of the first clause ie blood in v 9 and death in v10 and the effect of JesusHis life is the topic of the second clause ie by him in v9 and his life in v10 So although related Craig applies a part of a verse that is speaking about Jesus after he had been raised and mistakenly applied it to Jesus deathSummary The passages Craig tried to use to set up the discussion on the biblical data reveals a counter contextual understanding of what happened on the cross Jesus did not have to die to change something about the Father ie appease His wrath God sent His Son because of who He is because we are the ones that needed to be changed by the cross we had to be reconciled to Him He never had to be reconciled to usCraig s approach suffers from a skewed emphasis uestionable definitions de contextualization and ultimately creates a self defeating argument From his own book he has supplied the defeaters for his own defense of penal substitution the uotes show evidence for the premises1 According to Penal Substitution Jesus was punished by God what Yahweh has done in afflicting His righteous Servant Isa 5214 531 10 p51 the LORD s punishment of His Servant in Isaiah 53 p522 God is always just when He punishes It would have been inconceivable to the biblical authors that God might act unjustly p271 Citing Gen 1825 and Romans 9143 Jesus was punished unjustly the injustice of what he suffered p 56 the unjust death p58 Maltreatment p61 But Christ s innocent death was undeserved p1184 Therefore God did not punish Jesus5 Therefore penal substitution is falseThe above part is important because Craig s argument can be defeated by using his own statements In section III regarding philosophical reflections Craig does not make a positive case for his own view Instead he provides various work arounds to various objections to penal substitution eg If we simply replace the term punishment with penalty with respect to God s harsh treatment of Christ then the alleged incoherence vanishes p173 74 In section III he would clearly enumerate the opposing arguments and then refute them see pp 172 but if it eliminates or precludes various facets of the biblical doctrine then we may be spared pursuing such a theory further since it fails to meet adeuately our first criterion of a Christian theory of the atonement p22Given the specific problems with Penal Substitution theory it does not meet the criterion of being ChristianUpdate1272020I received some baseless emotional feedback to my negative review However one person took the time to write a substantial response to me Please check out that comment and my response to it I simplify the self defeating syllogism provide grammatical comments on Romans 325 and Isaiah 5310 and respond to other concerns Edward Weston: The Last Years in Carmel of penal substitutionAlong the way Craig enters into conversation with contemporary systematic theories Photography and the Art Market (Handbooks in International Art Business) of atonement as he seeks to establish a position that is scripturally faithful and philosophically sound The result is a multifaceted perspective that upholds the suffering Petite histoire du magazine «Vu» (1928-1940): Entre photographie d'information et photographie d'art of Christ as a substitutionary representational and redemptive act that satisfies divine justice In addition this carefully reasoned approach addresses the rich tapestry Sinai Hotels of Old Testament imagery upon which the first Christians drew to explain how the sinless Christ saved his people from the guilt Marketing Fine Art Photography of their sins. The normally erudite Dr Craig presents an extended error filled presentation for penal substitution Dr Craig s book Atonement and the Death VisionMongers: Making a Life and a Living in Photography of Christ serves to show the danger First Photographs: William Henry Fox Talbot and the Birth of Photography of de contextualization that Photography Business Secrets: The Savvy Photographer's Guide to Sales, Marketing, and More often happens in systematic theology a transparent title How to Make a Book with Steidl of the book would have been A Threefold Defense Zero To Booked: Take Your Portrait And Wedding Photography Business From Struggling To Successful By Focusing On The Clients You Love of Penal Substitution Craig presents countless examples How to Shoot Stock Photos That Sell of unsound proof texting and ultimately ends up building a self defeating argument Even though I have a ton The Photographer's Guide to Marketing and Self-Promotion of respect for Dr Craig there is simply no way to get around all the errors in his book The problems show up in the foundation what he calls the anchor A Lesser Photographer: Escape the Gear Trap and Focus on What Matters of his review Vivre de la photographie: Comment trouver des clients et vivre pleinement de sa passion of the biblical data On p 23 he writes The predominant motif used in the NT to characterize the atonement is the portrayal The Photographers Missing of Christ s death as a sacrificial The Education of a Photographer offering to God Crusade for Your Art: Best Practices for Fine Art Photographers on Start a Successful Photography Business in 34 Days: Actionable steps to plan a portrait or wedding photography business, develop a brand, launch a website, write a marketing plan & more. our behalf On the same page he provides a pithy summary How Photographs are Sold: Stories and Examples of How Fine Art Photographers Sell Their Work of another author that includes a number The Stock Photography Handbook: How To Create Passive Income Through Stock Photography of passages Here are the problemsProblem 1 Dr Craig thinks that Jesus as a sacrifice is primarily about God getting something not about God giving someone problems 2 to propitiate means to appease to placate to satisfy The Portfolios that Sell: Professional Techniques for Presenting and Marketing Your Photographs object Fast Track Photographer, Revised and Expanded Edition: Leverage Your Unique Strengths for a More Successful Photography Business of expiation is sin the Make Money as a Professional Photographer object A Lesser Photographer: Escape the Gear Trap and Focus on What Matters of propitiation is God There are four problems hereProblem 1 We do not know where Craig got these definitionsProblem 2 Expiate Best Business Practices for Photographers, Third Edition on dictionarycom and enoxforddictionariescom describe expiation as dealing with reparation ie making something right in some wayProblem 3 There is not a single verse regarding animal sacrifices where God is the Sell & Re-Sell Your Photos: Learn How to Sell Your Photographs Worldwide object The Instagram Book: Inside The Online Photography Revolution of propitiation Craig makes very loose inferences to get thereProblem 4 Craig has picked a definition from somewhere that speaks FUNNY PHOTO ALBUM: Rare Funny Photo Collection of propitiation as being a verb ie to propitiate Summary Problem 4 combined with the wrong emphasis mentioned earlier turns into error It sets up the reader for thinking that propitiation is used as a verb where God is the No Plastic Sleeves: Portfolio and Self-Promotion Guide for Photographers and Designers object This usage is completely different than NT usage The NT never has God being propitated by the sacrifice The Fast Track Photographer Business Plan: Build a Successful Photography Venture from the Ground Up of His Son Instead He is the carnet de rendez vous photographe à domicile: Tout vos rendez vous pour votre activité client de photographe à domicile (French Edition) one sending the propitiation eg Romans 3 see also Romans 51719Problem 3 Because Wedding Photojournalism: The Business of Aesthetics: A Guide for Professional Digital Photographers of the de contextualization Craig misses that the effects Joyce Tenneson: A Life in Photography: 1968-2008 of death is the topic Professional Model Portfolios: A Step-By-Step Guide for Photographers of the first clause ie blood in v 9 and death in v10 and the effect Your Assignment: Photography (Photo Developing) of JesusHis life is the topic Arnold Newman of the second clause ie by him in v9 and his life in v10 So although related Craig applies a part Wedding Photography: A step by step guide of a verse that is speaking about Jesus after he had been raised and mistakenly applied it to Jesus deathSummary The passages Craig tried to use to set up the discussion Best Business Practices for Photographers, Second Edition on the biblical data reveals a counter contextual understanding Body and Soul: Lucrative and Life-Changing Boudoir Photography of what happened Legal Handbook for Photographers: The Rights and Liabilities of Making and Selling Images on the cross Jesus did not have to die to change something about the Father ie appease His wrath God sent His Son because Fashion Photography 101: A Complete Course for the New Fashion Photographers of who He is because we are the The Business of Studio Photography: How to Start and Run a Successful Photography Studio ones that needed to be changed by the cross we had to be reconciled to Him He never had to be reconciled to usCraig s approach suffers from a skewed emphasis uestionable definitions de contextualization and ultimately creates a self defeating argument From his Best Business Practices for Photographers, Third Edition own book he has supplied the defeaters for his 2017 Photographer's Market: How and Where to Sell Your Photography own defense Take Stock Photography That Sells: Earn a living doing what you love of penal substitution the uotes show evidence for the premises1 According to Penal Substitution Jesus was punished by God what Yahweh has done in afflicting His righteous Servant Isa 5214 531 10 p51 the LORD s punishment Publish your photography book /anglais of His Servant in Isaiah 53 p522 God is always just when He punishes It would have been inconceivable to the biblical authors that God might act unjustly p271 Citing Gen 1825 and Romans 9143 Jesus was punished unjustly the injustice The Stock Photography Handbook: How To Create Passive Income Through Stock Photography of what he suffered p 56 the unjust death p58 Maltreatment p61 But Christ s innocent death was undeserved p1184 Therefore God did not punish Jesus5 Therefore penal substitution is falseThe above part is important because Craig s argument can be defeated by using his Making Pictures: Three for a Dime (DUST-TO-DIGITAL) own statements In section III regarding philosophical reflections Craig does not make a positive case for his Make Money Online with Your Videos: A complete guide to creating and selling stock video footage at microstock agencies own view Instead he provides various work arounds to various Zero To Booked: Take Your Portrait And Wedding Photography Business From Struggling To Successful By Focusing On The Clients You Love objections to penal substitution eg If we simply replace the term punishment with penalty with respect to God s harsh treatment The Essential Student Guide to Professional Photography of Christ then the alleged incoherence vanishes p173 74 In section III he would clearly enumerate the Running a Successful Photography Business opposing arguments and then refute them see pp 172 but if it eliminates Soulful Sales - A Mini-Guide To Booking More Clients And Selling Your Work With Ease And Joy (Find Your Freedom Mini Guides Book 2) or precludes various facets Crusade For Your Audience: Finding and Cultivating Art Collectors of the biblical doctrine then we may be spared pursuing such a theory further since it fails to meet adeuately Setting up a Successful Photography Business our first criterion The Copyright Zone: A Legal Guide For Photographers and Artists In The Digital Age of a Christian theory How to Create a High Profit Photography Business in Any Market of the atonement p22Given the specific problems with Penal Substitution theory it does not meet the criterion Fundamentals of Forensic Photography: Practical Techniques for Evidence Documentation on Location and in the Laboratory (Applications in Scientific Photography) of being ChristianUpdate1272020I received some baseless emotional feedback to my negative review However Social Media Marketing for Digital Photographers one person took the time to write a substantial response to me Please check Starting Your Career as a Photo Stylist: A Comprehensive Guide to Photo Shoots, Marketing, Business, Fashion, Wardrobe, Off Figure, Product, Prop, Room Sets, and Food Styling out that comment and my response to it I simplify the self defeating syllogism provide grammatical comments Photo Projects: Plan & Publish Your Photography - In Print & on the Internet on Romans 325 and Isaiah 5310 and respond to MORE Best Business Practices for Photographers other concerns

summary ✓ eBook, ePUB or Kindle PDF ☆ William Lane Craig

summary Atonement and the Death of Christ: An Exegetical, Historical, and Philosophical Exploration 108 William Lane Craig ☆ 8 summary Christian doctrine drawing upon Old and New Testament studies historical theology and analytic philosophy The study unfolds in three discrete parts Craig first explores the biblical basis of atonement and unfolds the wide variety of motifs used to characterize this doctrine Craig then highlights some of the principal alternative theories of the atonement offered by great Christian thinkers of the premodern era Lastly Craig’s exploration delves into a constructive and innovative engagement with philosophy of law which allows an understanding of atonement that moves beyond mystery and into the coh. A very readable and great interaction with the atonement debate as of 2020